Evolution of Karst in the Lower Part of Crna Reka River by Marjan Temovski

By Marjan Temovski

This thesis addresses karst improvement in a terrain characterised by means of a hugely complicated geological and geomorphological evolution. It tackles the level and complexity of either epigenic and hypogenic karst improvement, in line with morphological analyses of caves, mixed with analyses and datations of cave sediments and their correlation to local geological and geomorphological evolution.

 

Hypogenic karst registered is principally the results of hydrothermal speleogenesis as a result of elevated geothermal gradient in reference to within reach Pliocene-Pleistocene volcanic facilities, with prevalence of sulfuric acid speleogenesis and ghost-rock weathering as a result of neighborhood geological or lithological keep watch over. Epigenic speleogenesis is strongly managed via base point oscillations, with additionally examples of deep phreatic (now fossil) caves attached to neighborhood base point upward thrust, and per-ascensum speleogenesis.

 

Another vital discovering is the constraining of the timing of Mariovo Lake draining within the Pleistocene, an enormous occasion so that it will comprehend the geomorphological evolution in Macedonia, because it resulted in the onset of fluvial improvement and incision of valleys, shaping lots of the current morphology.

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